Education is the essential thing for our life, and it helps in the growth of human civilization. Education is necessary to understand the universe around us and convert it into something more beneficial. With the help of knowledge, we can develop a new perspective for our life. If people are educated, then they can know their responsibilities and rights quite well. Education is a very powerful medium to grow in life and perceive something important. In a human’s life, education benefits a lot in decreasing the difficulties of a hard life. The expertise obtained through the education era encourages everybody regarding their life. Education is a way to enter into several doors for possibilities to obtain more real prospects in life to improve career growth. Government is also arranging various programs to educate everyone about education and its benefits in our life especially in rural areas. Education delivers knowledge of equality among everyone in society and encourages the growth and improvement of the nation.
There was a survey conducted in the year 2014 which result in the following Education in India Statistics. A survey on ‘Social Consumption: Education’ was conducted in NSS 71st round (January-June 2014).A sample of 36479 rural households from 4577 villages and 29447 urban households from 3720 blocks were surveyed all over India. Literacy rate among persons (aged 5 years and above) in India was 76%. In rural areas, the literacy rate was 71% compared to 86% in urban areas. The difference in literacy rate among males and females (aged 5 years and above) was observed with male literacy rate higher (83%) than female literacy rate (68%). Percentage distribution of rural persons of ages 15 years & above by highest completed levels of education: 35% were not literate, 23% were literates up to the primary, 17% were of level upper primary, 20% were of levels secondary and higher secondary and 4% were graduate & above. Percentage distribution of urban persons of age 15 years & above by highest completed level of education: 16% were not literate, 17% were literates up to the primary, 16% were of level upper primary, 30% were of level secondary and higher secondary and 18% were graduate & above.
Indian government considers education as a key area where drastic growth and development is required. So various future prospects have been considered and policies are drafted. The vision is to ensure that education in India is of the highest quality and available to the whole population without discrimination. Let us look at some projects the government wishes to implement successfully. Though the education level has increased for both youth as well as adults, still the number of illiterates is as much as the population was at the time of independence. The constituent assembly passed the Constitution of India in the year 1950. Free and compulsory education for the children till 14 years of age within 10 years from the commencement of constitution was noted as Directive Principal of the constitution. Following are the factors which make education for all a dream:
Gender bias, Low rural access, Increasing number of illiterates, Privatization,
Low expenditure on education by government. The differences between male and female are reducing and the same can be seen in literacy rate, showcasing a development in gender equity. Still, hard work left to promote the education of women. There are various reasons, such as: The social status of women, Healthcare of women and children, Improving economic independence. Therefore, we cannot feel satisfied with the upward movement in literacy rate as long miles to go for gender equity. Kerala, Mizoram, Goa and New Delhi are having high literacy rate, whereas, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan are educationally backward states. Social and Economic Poverty are main reasons for educational backwardness. People in India face great difficulty to reach the higher levels in the current education system. As per National Sample Survey Organization data, in the FY 2007-08, the unemployment rate was 18.10% for youth with education up to secondary level. Whereas unemployment rate for youth with education up to primary level was only 11.60%. The government should take emphasis on allocation of higher education and improve the students.