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AI IN POWER SYSTEMS


ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN POWER SYSTEM

The term Artificial Intelligence was coined by John Mc Carthy in the year 1956. It is the art of science and engineering, which makes intelligent machines.





WHAT IS AI IN POWE SYSTEM?

  • High efficiency                                            
  •  Problem solving
  • Accuracy                                                      
  • Critical thinking
  •  Speed                                                          
  •  Applicable
  • Easy Adoption                                              
  • Especially for power systems where conventional methods                                          which experience difficulty
  • Precision
  • Vast  Data Management 
  • Memory

Three major families of AI,
  1. Expert system Techniques
  2. Artificial Neural Network
  3. Fuzzy Logic System

EXPERT SYSTEM


An expert system provides information about the specified domain from the human experts and convert into the machine implementable form. 
They are computer programs which have proficiency and competency in the particular field.
 They are also known as the Knowledge based system or ruled based system. They solve the problems which are very difficult to solve by human skill and intellectual. 
Any modifications can be easily done because they are just computer programs. Estimation of values can be done and efficiency is easily estimated.


ARTIFICIAL NEUTRAL NETWORKS

Artificial neural networks are biologically inspired system which converts a set of outputs by a network of neurons, where each neuron are able to produce output.
The understanding and working process and the pattern are interconnected with the computers by solving real world problems of classification of patterns and pattern recognition.
As ANNs operate in biological instincts and perform biological evaluation of real world problems in generations and transmission and distribution of electric cars can be fed to ANN so that suitable solution can be obtained.
Example: The value of inductance, capacitance and resistance in a transmission and distribution can be calculated by various factors.


FUZZY LOGIC SYSTEM

Fuzzy logic is the standardization system of any logical reasoning system.
They provide Data to produce information based on the human decision making which is accurate and reliable.
It is what exactly human brain works and they can perform exactly like machines.
They provide solutions such as high excessive date, capacity for modelling data with high generality.


EXPLANATION

Fuzzy diagram can be used for the fault diagnosis.

Expert and ANNs can be used in the performance of the line. Environmental sensors sense the environment and atmospheric conditions and they give input to the system. They provide output with the validation.

CONCLUSION

The main feature of the power system technique is reliability, conventional technique and they don't fulfil the probabilistic essence of the power system, this provides the increased operations and maintenance costs. A lot of research is now being processed for the monitoring of the efficient electricity market as they are power system which is the renewable form in the operations.