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THE UNION GOVERNMENT

 THE UNION  GOVERNMENT

Know the powers and responsibilities of the Government, as one should know the system of governance both at the Union and state level.

The constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of the Government under an elected President. it has three wings,

THE LEGISLATURE

THE EXECUTIVE

THE JUDICIARY


UNION LEGISLATURE

The parliament represents the union legislature which consists of the Upper houses called a council of states or Rajya Sabha and the lower house called  of people or Lok Sabha.


LOK SABHA

The Lok Sabha is the important house of the Inidan Parliament and contains elected representatives of the people. There are about 543 elected members out of which 530 are elected from the states and 13 members from the Union territories. The President generally nominates 2 members from the Union Territories. At total 545 members.

The Lok Sabha enjoys a term of five years from the date of its date session. Universal Adult Franchise is followed while electing the members of Lok Sabha. All Indian citizens above 18 years of age who are registered as voters will vote for their representatives. Money bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha. It is processed over the speaker in case of absence of the speaker, the deputy speaker elected by the members of the house presides over the session.


RAJYA SABHA

The council of states or Rajya Sabha consists of 250 members out of which 238 represent states and the Union territories, elected by the method of indirect election. 12 members are chosen by the President by the special knowledge of the practical experiences in the field of literature, science, art or social science.

the members are elected for 6 years and one third of the members of Rajya Sabha are elected atleast for every two years. The Vice President of India is the EX- OFFICIO Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. 


PRESIDENT OF INDIA

According to the Indian Constitution, the President of India is the head of the Indian Republic or the state. The President is also the Constitutional head of the Union Legislature and the Union Executive. According to the Article 53 of the constitution the executive power of the Union shall be exercised by him directly or through the officers subordinates to him in accordance with the Constitution.


VICE PRESIDENT OF INDIA

Article 63of the Constitution provides flr Vice Presidnt. This office has been created to maintai political continuty to the state. He exercises the executive power of the Union as of when the President is unable due to some reasons.


PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

The post of Prime Minister first originated in England and borrowed from there by makers of our constitution. The Prime Minister allocates port folios to other ministers and monitors their functions. He/she is the chairperson of all highest central commisions like the Planning commission the finance commission and national Integration Council.


THE JUDICIARY

our Constituion provides for the establishment of an independent and integrated judiciary with the Supreme court as it is the highest court in the coutry. the Chief Justice is appointed by the President of India. Age limit is upto 65 years. To be a judege in Supreme cout he/she should have worked as a advocate of a high court for atleast 10 years. 


CONCLUSION

Even though all the three wings are independent organs, they cannot beyond ther wings of limit in the administration. The Constiution safegaurds each and evey citizen by the powers they have  and its our duty to know the powers of the Government.