EDUindex News

EDUindex News

POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMS

 There is no denying that poverty is one of the major problems in the country. Almost 68.8% of the population lives below the poverty line and are not able to fulfill their basic necessities of life. The question is, what is the government’s take on this? What are their initiatives to cure this problem?

The government has always given a major heed to the poverty alleviation programs initiated by them. They started these programs with an aim to create more and more self-employment and wage-employment in the country so the there is a clear reduction in the poverty percentage. Therefore, these types of programs were categorized into two different types.

 

SELF-EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS

 

1.RURAL EMPLOYEMENT GENERATION PROGRAM

Initiated – 1993

Objective – to create more self-employment opportunities in the rural sectors. It was implemented by the khadi and the village committee.

 

2.PRIME MINISTER ROZGAR YOJNA

Initiated – October 1993

Objective – to create more self-employment as well as wage-employment opportunities for the educated unemployed from the local families.

 

3.PRIME MINISTER EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAM

Initiated – 14 August 2008

Objective – to create more self-employment opportunities

 

4.SWARNAJAYANTI SHAHRI ROZGAR YOJNA

Initiated – 1 December 1997

Objective – it was a centrally sponsored scheme in the ratio of 75:25 between the state and the central government with an aim to create more self and wage employment opportunities.

 

5.SWARNAJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJNA

Initiated – 1 April 1999

Objective – to create the availability of subsidies and micro-enterprises in the rural area that will increase the self-employment opportunities.

Programs merged under this – Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP), Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCA), Ganga Kalyan Yojna (GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS).

 

WAGE EMPLOYEMENT PROGRAMS

 

1.SAMPURNA GRAMEEN ROZGAR YOJNA

Initiated – 25 September 2001

Objective – to use more of labor-intensive technology where the mode of payment was either cash or food grains.

 

2.NATIONAL FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAM

Initiated – 14 November 2004

Objective – to create supplementary wage-employment opportunities which was implemented in 150 backward districts for people living below the poverty line.

 

3.MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GENERATION ACT (MNREGA)

Initiated – 2005

Objective – to create more wage employment in the country by providing guaranteed 100 days of wage employment.

 

OTHER PROGRAMS

 

1.NATIONAL SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

Initiated – 15 August 1995

Objective – to support the widowed, aged and disabled people who do not have any source of income with them.

 

2.PRADHAN MANTRI JANDHAN YOJNA

Initiated – 2014

Objective – it opened a bank account for all the households and offered various banking services with an aim to promote the habit of savings in them.